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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.
|Buddhist Dictionary by NYANATILOKA MAHATHERA|
|hiri-ottappa：'moral shame and moral dread'，are associated with all kammically wholesome consciousness （s．Tab．II）.
＂To be ashamed of what one ought to be ashamed of，to be ashamed of performing evil and unwholesome things：this is called moral shame．To be in dread of what one ought to be in dread of，to be in dread of performing evil and unwholesome things：this is called moral dread＂ （Pug，79，80）.
＂Two lucid things，o monks，protect the world：moral shame and moral dread．If these two things were not to protect the world，then one would respect neither one's mother，nor one's mother's sister，nor one's brother's wife，nor one's teacher's wife ....＂ （A．II，7）．Cf．ahirika ．See Aṭṭhasālinī Tr．I．pp．164ff.