Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

漢譯パーリ語辭典 黃秉榮譯
Gandhāra:m.[〃] 健陀羅 [十六大國之一].
パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
Gandhāra:m.[〃] 健陀羅 [十六大国の一].
巴利語匯解&巴利新音譯 瑪欣德尊者
Gandhāra:(古國名)甘塔拉, (古音譯:)犍陀羅,健馱羅,乾陀越
《巴漢詞典》Mahāñāṇo Bhikkhu編著
Gandhāra,【陽】健陀羅,(現在叫做)甘達哈 (Kandahar) 的國家。(p116)
Pali Word Grammar from Pali Myanmar Dictionary
[ဂႏၶ+အရ+အ။ ဂႏၶာရ+ဏ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၁၃၃။ဂ+ဓရ+ဏ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၁၈၄။]
Concise Pali-English Dictionary by A.P. Buddhadatta Mahathera
gandhāra:[m.] the country (now called) Kandahar.
PTS Pali-English dictionary The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary
Gandhāra,(adj.) belonging to the Gandhāra country (Kandahar) f.gandhārī in gandhārī vijjā N.of a magical charm D.I,213; at J.IV,498 it renders one invisible.(Page 244)
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Gandhāra:A charm whereby one could become invisible and multiform,pass through all obstacles,through earth and water,and touch the sun and moon (D.i.213).Elsewhere (J.iv.498) the charm is mentioned as being only useful for the purpose of making oneself invisible.

The Theragāthā Commentary (I.51f) distinguishes a Lesser and a Greater.Pilinda-vaccha knew the former and thought that the Buddha would teach him the other.The charm enabled him to travel through the air and read the thoughts of others.

Buddhaghosa (DA ii.389) explains that the charm was so called,either because it was invented by a sage named Gandhāra,or because it originated in Gandhāra.
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Gandhāra:1.Gandhāra.-A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal list.M.iii.69; ApA.i.106.

2.Gandhāra.-One of the sixteen Mahājanapadas (countries) (A.i.213; iv.252,etc.; in the Niddesa and Mahāvastu lists Gandhāra is omitted and others substituted).Its capital wasTakkasilā,famous for its university; its king in the time of the Buddha was Pukkusāti.There was friendly intercourse between him and Bimbisāra of Magadha.Merchants and visitors from one country to another were lodged and fed at the expense of the country’s king,and no tariffs were levied on their merchandise.There was constant exchange of goods and valuables,and on one occasion Bimbisāra,wishing to send his friend a gift of particular value,dispatched to him a letter containing news of the appearance in the world of the Buddha,the Dhamma and the Sangha.When Pukkusāti read the letter he decided to become a follower of the Buddha,and ordained himself as a monk; then,leaving his kingdom,he travelled all the way to Sāvatthi to see the Buddha (MA.ii.979ff).This conversion of Gandhāra’s’ king,however,does not seem to have had the effect of converting the rest of its people to the Buddha’s faith.The memory of Pukkusāti was evidently soon forgotten,for we find Moggaliputta Tissa,at the conclusion of the Third Council,sending the Thera Majjhantika to convert Gandhāra (Mhv.xii.3ff).

According to Buddhaghosa’s account,Pukkusāti’s kingdom was over one hundred leagues in extent (MA.ii.988),and the distance from Takkasilā to Sāvatthi was one hundred and ninety-two leagues (MA.ii.987; from Benares it was one hundred and twenty leagues,vīsamyo-janasata; J.i.395; ii.47).There was evidently a well-known caravan route linking the two countries,although Gandhāra was regarded as a paccantima janapada.(MA.ii.982; there was also constant trade between Gandhāra and Videha,J.iii.365ff.It would appear from the Mahā Niddesa i.154 that Takkasilā was a regular centre of trade).

At the time of Majjhantika’s visit,the people of Gandhāra were being harassed by the Nāga-king Aravāla,and the chronicles contain details of his conversion by the monk.The Nāga-king,together with his retinue,the yakkha Pandaka and his wife Hāritā,became devout followers of the Buddha.Majjhantika preached theāsīvisūpama Sutta,and many thousands joined the Order.(Mhv.xii.9ff; Smp.i.64f; Dpv.viii.4).

Gandhāra appears to have included Kasmīra,the two countries being always mentioned together as Kasmīra-Gandhāra.They occupied the sites of the modern districts of Peshawar and Rawalpindi in the northern Punjab (PHAI.p.93).In the time of Asoka the country formed part of his empire,and is mentioned as such in Rock Edict V.Before that it was subject to the Achaemenid kings.Gandhāra was always famous for its red woollen shawls (kambala) (SNA.ii.487; J.vi.501).

Another king of Takkasilā besides Pukkusāti is mentioned - namely,Naggaji,who was a contemporary of Nimi,king of Videha.(J.iii.377; cf.Ait.Brāhmana vii.34; Sat.Brāhmana viii.1,4,10; see also Gandhārarājā).

One of the eye teeth of the Buddha was deposited in Gandhāra (Bu.xxviii.6; D.ii.167).
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Gandhāra:A mountain in Himavā. J.vi.579.
Pali Viet Dictionary Bản dịch của ngài Bửu Chơn.
GANDHĀRA:[m] xứ Ganthāra
Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary တိပိဋက-ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္
gandhāra:ဂႏၶာရ (ပု)
[ဂႏၶ+အရ+အ။ ဂႏၶာရ+ဏ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၁၃၃။ဂ+ဓရ+ဏ။ ဓာန္၊ဋီ။၁၈၄။]
(၁) ဂႏၶာရအသံ၊ ႏွစ္ေပါက္သံ။ (၂) ဂႏၶာရတိုင္း။ (၃) ဂႏၶာရတိုင္းသူျပည္သား။ (၄) ဂႏၶာရပေစၥကဗုဒၶါ။ (၅)။ ဂႏၶာရီ-ၾကည့္။
U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary ပါဠိျမန္မာ အဘိဓာန္(ဦးဟုတ္စိန္)
gandhāra:ဂႏၶာရ (ပ)
ဂႏၶာရတိုင္း။ တီးမႈတ္မ်ိဳးခုနစ္သံတို႔တြင္ တတိယအသံ။

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