Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

増補改訂パーリ語辞典 水野弘元著
Buddhist Dictionary of Pali Proper Names by G P Malalasekera
Erāvana:1.Erāvana.-Sakka’s elephant.He was once the elephant of the king of Magadha,who gave him toMāgha and his companions to help them in their good works on earth.As a result,when Magha and the others were reborn in Tāvatimsa,Erāvana was born there himself and became their companion.Ordinarily he was a deva like the others,because there are no animals in the deva-world,but when they went to the park to play,Erāvana assumed the form of an elephant,one hundred and fifty leagues in size.For the thirty-three devas Erāvana erected thirty-three heads (kumbha),each two or three quarters of a league in girth.Each head had seven tusks,each fifty leagues long,each tusk bore seven lotus plants,each plant seven flowers,each flower seven leaves,and on each leaf danced seven nymphs (Padumaceharā).For Sakka himself there was a special head,Sudassana,thirty leagues around,above it a canopy of twelve leagues all of precious stones.In the centre was a jewelled couch one league long,on which Sakka reclined in state.DhA.i.273f; also SnA.i.368f.(where there are a few slight variations).

In the Dhammika Sutta (Sn.v.379) Erāvana is mentioned among the devas who visited the Buddha to pay him homage.He is also mentioned among the Nāgas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta (D.ii.258; perhaps here a king of snakes is meant,because he is mentioned with others who are avowedly snakes).It is emphasised in several places (E.g.,MA.i.472; DA.ii.688; also VvA.15 and Kvu.ii.599) that Erāvana is a devaputta and a Nāga only by birth (jātiyā).The Jātakas (J.v.137) mention Sakka as riding Erāvana,particularly when making comparisons between kings parading on the backs of elephants (E.g.,V.iii.392).Erāvana is one of the chief features of Tāvatimsa (V.vi.278).

2.Erāvana.-The name of the elephant belonging to Candakumāra.J.vi.147.

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