Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

Pāḷi Dictionary

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This site is online Pāḷi Dictionary (Pāli to Chinese, Pāli to English, Pāli to Japanese, Pāli-Vietnamese, Pāli-Burmese). The source of the dictionaries come from Pali Canon E-Dictionary Version 1.94 (PCED). The source code of this website is at pali repository on GitHub, and the data of this website is at data repository on GitHub. Any suggestion or questions? Welcome to contact me.

《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
-a,(名詞語基)。[-a語基]男性、中性的主格單數語尾 -e、以及呼格單數語尾 -e,一般認爲這是借自摩揭陀語 (Māgadhī),而稱之爲「摩揭陀語形」(Māgadhisms,或「摩揭陀語的殘餘」(參看Geiger,A Pāli Grammar,PTS Oxford 1994,§80.)摩揭陀語具有異於巴利語的三項特徵:(1)主格單數語尾-e而非-o,(2) 巴利語的r在摩揭陀語是l,(3) 巴利語的s在摩揭陀語是w。)主格單數語尾 -e的用法並非僅限於東部方言(J.Brough,The Gāndhārī Dharmapada,London 1962,§76.)。陽性名詞字尾a,變成陰性名詞改爲-ā,- ī。另有陽性名詞字尾,+-(ā)nī,變成陰性名詞;陽性名詞字尾-vat,-vant,-mat,-mant,-ssin,-vin,-in+-ī變成陰性名詞。
《巴漢詞典》明法尊者增訂
-a,【結尾】。

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